Netherlands Antilles is a two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - composed of five islands, Curacao and Bonaire located off the coast of Venezuela, and Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius lie east of the US Virgin Islands.
Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao).
The windward islands are all of volcanic origin and hilly, leaving little ground suitable for agriculture. The leeward Islands have a mixed volcanic and coral origin. The highest point is Mount Scenery, 862 meters (2,828 ft), on Saba (also the highest point in all the Kingdom of the Netherlands).
The Netherlands Antilles have a tropical climate, with warm weather all year round.
Dutch, English and Papiamentu are official languages in the Netherlands Antilles. Tourism, petroleum transshipment and oil refinement (on Curaçao), as well as offshore finance are major activities of local economy.
Facts and Figures
Area: 960 sq km
Population: 227,049 (Est. 2009)
Government type: Constitutional Monarchy
National holiday: Queen's Day, 30th April
GDP (PPP) : US $2.8 billion (2004 estimate)
Per capita : US $16,000
Currency: Netherlands Antillean Guilder (ANG)